RACHEL GOODWIN: I’ve worked in the business for almost 20 years. When I was 15, I attended the wedding of a family friend who was a makeup artist. It was the first time I understood that makeup artistry could be a career. Since that day, I’ve never considered another profession. I started my career journey at 18, and it’s been the only work I’ve ever known.
Tuckman’s famous phases are part of a teamwork theory based on stages of team development. His theory may have gained popularity partly due to the catchy labels for each of his stages.
Luthans advocates the so-called 'contingency approach' on the basis that certain practices work better than others for certain people and certain jobs. As an example, rigid, clearly defined jobs, authoritative leadership and tight controls lead in some cases to high productivity and satisfaction among workers. In some other cases just the opposite seems to work. It is necessary, therefore, to adapt the leadership style to the particular group of workers and the specific job in hand.