The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA) was founded by Damon Knight in 1965 as a non-profit organization to serve the community of professional science fiction authors.
The first science fiction fanzine, "" was published in 1930. Fanzine printing methods have changed over the decades, from the hectograph, the mimeograph, and the ditto machine, to modern . Subscription volumes rarely justify the cost of commercial printing. Modern fanzines are printed on computer printers or at local copy shops, or they may only be sent as email.
Following the 18th-century development of the as a literary form, in the early 19th century, 's books (1818) and helped define the form of the science fiction novel, and has argued that was the first work of science fiction. Later, wrote a story about a flight to the moon. More examples appeared throughout the 19th century.